Operational Meanings of Orders of Observables Defined through Quantum Set Theories with Different Conditionals

Masanao Ozawa

In quantum logic there is well-known arbitrariness in choosing a binary operation for conditional. Currently, we have at least three candidates, called the Sasaki conditional, the contrapositive Sasaki conditional, and the relevance conditional. A fundamental problem is to show how the form of the conditional follows from an analysis of operational concepts in quantum theory. Here, we attempt such an analysis through quantum set theory (QST). In this paper, we develop quantum set theory based on quantum logics with those three conditionals, each of which defines different quantum logical truth value assignment. We show that those three models satisfy the transfer principle of the same form to determine the quantum logical truth values of theorems of the ZFC set theory. We also show that the reals in the model and the truth values of their equality are the same for those models. Interestingly, however, the order relation between quantum reals significantly depends on the underlying conditionals. We characterize the operational meanings of those order relations in terms of joint probability obtained by the successive projective measurements of arbitrary two observables. Those characterizations clearly show their individual features and will play a fundamental role in future applications to quantum physics.

In Ross Duncan and Chris Heunen: Proceedings 13th International Conference on Quantum Physics and Logic (QPL 2016), Glasgow, Scotland, 6-10 June 2016, Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science 236, pp. 127–144.
Published: 1st January 2017.

ArXived at: http://dx.doi.org/10.4204/EPTCS.236.9 bibtex PDF
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