Games With Tolerant Players

Arpita Ghosh
(Cornell University)
Joseph Y. Halpern
(Cornell University)

A notion of pi-tolerant equilibrium is defined that takes into account that players have some tolerance regarding payoffs in a game. This solution concept generalizes Nash and refines epsilon-Nash equilibrium in a natural way. We show that pi-tolerant equilibrium can explain cooperation in social dilemmas such as Prisoner's Dilemma and the Public Good game. We then examine the structure of particularly cooperative pi-tolerant equilibria, where players are as cooperative as they can be, subject to their tolerances, in Prisoner's Dilemma. To the extent that cooperation is due to tolerance, these results provide guidance to a mechanism designer who has some control over the payoffs in a game, and suggest ways in which cooperation can be increased.

In Jérôme Lang: Proceedings Sixteenth Conference on Theoretical Aspects of Rationality and Knowledge (TARK 2017), Liverpool, UK, 24-26 July 2017, Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science 251, pp. 251–264.
Published: 25th July 2017.

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