Reversible Logic Elements with Memory and Their Universality

Kenichi Morita
(Hiroshima University)

Reversible computing is a paradigm of computation that reflects physical reversibility, one of the fundamental microscopic laws of Nature. In this survey, we discuss topics on reversible logic elements with memory (RLEM), which can be used to build reversible computing systems, and their universality. An RLEM is called universal, if any reversible sequential machine (RSM) can be realized as a circuit composed only of it. Since a finite-state control and a tape cell of a reversible Turing machine (RTM) are formalized as RSMs, any RTM can be constructed from a universal RLEM. Here, we investigate 2-state RLEMs, and show that infinitely many kinds of non-degenerate RLEMs are all universal besides only four exceptions. Non-universality of these exceptional RLEMs is also argued.

In Turlough Neary and Matthew Cook: Proceedings Machines, Computations and Universality 2013 (MCU 2013), Zürich, Switzerland, 9/09/2013 - 11/09/2013, Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science 128, pp. 3–14.
Published: 4th September 2013.

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