The Almost Equivalence by Asymptotic Probabilities for Regular Languages and Its Computational Complexities

Yoshiki Nakamura
(Tokyo Institute of Technology)

We introduce p-equivalence by asymptotic probabilities, which is a weak almost-equivalence based on zero-one laws in finite model theory. In this paper, we consider the computational complexities of p-equivalence problems for regular languages and provide the following details. First, we give an robustness of p-equivalence and a logical characterization for p-equivalence. The characterization is useful to generate some algorithms for p-equivalence problems by coupling with standard results from descriptive complexity. Second, we give the computational complexities for the p-equivalence problems by the logical characterization. The computational complexities are the same as for the (fully) equivalence problems. Finally, we apply the proofs for p-equivalence to some generalized equivalences.

In Domenico Cantone and Giorgio Delzanno: Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Games, Automata, Logics and Formal Verification (GandALF 2016), Catania, Italy, 14-16 September 2016, Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science 226, pp. 272–286.
Published: 13th September 2016.

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