Towards an I/O Conformance Testing Theory for Software Product Lines based on Modal Interface Automata

Lars Luthmann
(TU Braunschweig)
Stephan Mennicke
(TU Braunschweig)
Malte Lochau
(TU Darmstadt)

We present an adaptation of input/output conformance (ioco) testing principles to families of similar implementation variants as appearing in product line engineering. Our proposed product line testing theory relies on Modal Interface Automata (MIA) as behavioral specification formalism. MIA enrich I/O-labeled transition systems with may/must modalities to distinguish mandatory from optional behavior, thus providing a semantic notion of intrinsic behavioral variability. In particular, MIA constitute a restricted, yet fully expressive subclass of I/O-labeled modal transition systems, guaranteeing desirable refinement and compositionality properties. The resulting modal-ioco relation defined on MIA is preserved under MIA refinement, which serves as variant derivation mechanism in our product line testing theory. As a result, modal-ioco is proven correct in the sense that it coincides with traditional ioco to hold for every derivable implementation variant. Based on this result, a family-based product line conformance testing framework can be established.

In Joanne M. Atlee and Stefania Gnesi: Proceedings 6th Workshop on Formal Methods and Analysis in SPL Engineering (FMSPLE 2015), London, UK, 11 April 2015, Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science 182, pp. 1–13.
Published: 12th April 2015.

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